Brian K. Ray
Associate Professor, Department of Geography
Member of the Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies and thereby authorized to supervise theses.
Office: Simard 012
Telephone: 613-562-5800, ext. 1044
1992 – PhD, Geography, Queen's University
1987 – MA, Geography, University of Toronto
1985 – BES, Geography, University of Waterloo
Fields of interest
- Immigrant integration
- Iimmigrant women and social networks
- Social justice
Brian Ray is a social geographer who is interested in the diverse ways that urban people organize their everyday lives in multi-ethnic cities. For the most part, Brian’s work examines different aspects of immigrant integration in North American and European cities. His research projects have emphasized the following issues: the importance of cultural identity and gender in integration processes among new immigrants, housing affordability and homeownership trends among refugees and ethno-cultural groups, the social networks of immigrant women, the spatial segregation of immigrant and ethnic groups in large cities, geographies of employment and social mobility, and the social construction of ‘race’ and racist practices. Beyond the fields of immigration and cultural diversity, his research also examines the socio-cultural meaning of neighborhood spaces for marginalized groups and geographies of gender and sexuality.
Brian is a member of the Inter-University Research Centre of Montreal on Immigration, Integration, and Urban Dynamics (Immigration et métropoles) and he is pursuing several research projects that relate to the social and economic integration of immigrants in Ottawa and Montréal. At the University of Ottawa, Brian is also a member of the Canadian Century Research Infrastructure team. Dr. Ray’s research projects have been funded by several different organizations including the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, le Fonds pour la formation de chercheurs et l’Aide à la recherche (FCAR), and the Swiss Foundation BMU (Population, Migration and Environment).
Brian arrived at the University of Ottawa in July 2004 after several years in the United States where he worked in Washington (DC) at the Migration Policy Institute as a researcher/policy analyst examining immigrant integration and public policy. Previously, Dr. Ray was a senior analyst with the Metropolis Project and the Strategic Planning, Policy and Research Division (Department of Citizenship and Immigration), the Research Manager at the National Secretariat on Homelessness, and a professor at McGill University in Montréal.
Dr. Ray holds a PhD in social geography from Queen’s University (Kingston), a MA from the University of Toronto and a Bachelor of Environmental Studies degree from the University of Waterloo.
Selected publicationsChapters in books
Brian Ray 2002 Fragmentation sociale et expériences vécus : les géographies quotidiennes des femmes immigrantes à Montréal. In F. Navez (ed) La fragmentation en question. Des villes entre fragmentation spatiale et fragmentation sociale? Paris: L'Harmattan, Collection Ville et Enterprise.
Brian Ray et Damaris Rose 2000. Cities of the Everyday: Socio-Spatial Perspectives on Gender, Difference, and Diversity. In T. Bunting and P. Filion (eds) Canadian Cities in Transition: The Twenty-first century (Second Edition). Toronto: Oxford University Press, 502-524. (50-50 Collaboration).
Papers in refereed journals
Andrew, C., Ray, B. and Chiasson, G. 2011. Ottawa-Gatineau: Capital Formation. In L.S. Bourne, T. Hutton, R.G. Shearmur and J. Simmons (eds) Canadian Urban Regions: Trajectories of Growth and Change. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 202-235.
Ray, B. and Rose, D. 2011. How gender matters to immigration and settlement in Canadian and US cities. In C. Teixeira, W. Li and A. Kobayashi (eds) Immigrant Geographies of North American Cities. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 138-157.
Boswell, T. and Ray, B. 2011. Contemporary profiels of black immigrants in the United States and Canada. In C. Teixeira, W. Li and A. Kobayashi (eds) Immigrant Geographies of North American Cities. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 231-255.
Ray, B. M. Bulthuis and C. Andrew 2010. Le contexte local et institutionnel de l’accès des familles immigrantes au logement abordable: étude exploratoire Ottawa/Montréal. L’habitat comme vecteur d’intégration dans la ville: quoi de neuf? Québec: Société d’habitation du Québec.
Ray, B. 2009. So Where is Ethnocultural Diversity in Canadian Cities? Plan Canada, (special edition), pp.83-88.
Ray, B. & Preston, V. 2009. Are Immigrants Socially Isolated? An Assessment of Neighbors and Neighboring In Canadian Cities. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 10(3), pp. 271-244.
Ray, B. & Preston, V. 2009b. Geographies of Discrimination: Variations in Perceived Discomfort and Discrimination in Canada’s Gateway Cities. Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, 7(3), pp. 228-249.
Ray, B. and J. Bergeron. 2007. Geographies of ethnocultural diversity in a second-tier city: moving beyond where people sleep. Our Diverse Cities, no. 4, pp. 91-94.
Andrew, C., F. Melesse, V. Bedard-Mianscum, D. Giroux, M. Kerisit, F. Klodawsky, and B. Ray 2007. Urban migration in, and to, Ottawa: A better knowledge base for better public policy. Report submitted to Status of Women Canada, 140pp.
Rose, Damaris et Katia Iankova avec la collaboration de Brian Ray 2005. « Proximité spatiale, distance sociale : les rapports interethniques dans un secteur défavorisé à Montréal vus à travers les pratiques de voisinage ». in A. Bourdin, A. Germain et M.-P. Lefeuvre (dir.) La proximité. Construction politique et expérience sociale. Paris: L’Harmattan, 135-157.
Damaris Rose and Brian Ray 2001. Le logement des réfugiés à Montréal trois ans après leur arrivée : le cas des demandeurs d’asile ayant obtenu la résidence permanente. Journal of International Migration and Integration/ Revue de l’intégration et de la migration internationale, 2(4), 455-92. (50-50 Collaboration) [appeared simultaneously in French in same issue].
Linda Peake and Brian Ray 2001 Racialising the Canadian landscape: whiteness, uneven geographies and social justice. The Canadian Geographer, 45(1).
Audrey Kobayashi and Brian Ray 2000 Civil Risk and Landscapes of Marginality in Canada: A Pluralist Approach to Social Justice. The Canadian Geographer, 44 (4).
Brian Ray 1999. Plural geographies in Canadian cities: interpreting immigrant residential spaces in Toronto and Montreal. Canadian Journal of Regional Science, 22(1, 2), 65-86.
Brian Ray, Greg Halseth and Benjamin Johnson 1997. The Changing 'Face' of the Suburbs: Issues of Ethnicity and Residential Change in Suburban Vancouver. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 21(1), 75-99.
Brian Ray 2000. Negotiating Integration at a Micro Scale: Experiences of Haitian Immigrant Women in René-Goupil. In K. Dosen and I. Molina (eds) Divided Cities: best practices for the social inclusion of ethnic minorities in local communities. Papers presented in Workshop 5, IV International Metropolis Conference, Washington, D.C. Stockholm: PfMI (Partnership for Multiethnic Inclusion) Report Nr. 5/2000, 67-85.
Brian Ray 1998. The Measurement and Meaning of Segregation in Montréal. In M. McAndrew and N. Lapierre-Vincent (eds) Metropolis Year II: The Development of a Comparative Research Agenda. Proceedings of the Second National Conference and of the Thematic Seminar “Housing and Neighbourhoods” Montréal, November 23-26, 1997. Montréal: Immigration et métropoles, 249- 59.
Brian Ray 1998. La mesure et la signification de la ségrégation à Montréal. In M. McAndrew and N. Lapierre-Vincent (dir) Métropolis An II: Le développement d’un agenda de recherche comparatif. Actes de la Deuxième conférence nationale et du séminaire thématique « Logement et vie de quartier ». Montréal, 23-26 novembre 1997. Montréal: Immigration et métropoles, 268-79.
D. Papademetriou and B. Ray 2004. From Homeland to a Home: Immigrants and Homeownership in Urban American. Washington: Fannie Mae Corporation. (B. Ray responsible for writing report and data analysis.
Brian Ray 2004. Practices to Promote the Integration of Migrants into Labour Markets. Brussels: European Commission, DG Employment and Social Affairs, 25 pp.
Brian Ray 2004 Building the New American Community Project: Encouraging Immigrant Integration and Social Inclusion in Lowell, Nashville and Portland. Washington: Migration Policy Institute, 81 pp.
Brian Ray 2004. A diversity paradox: Montréal’s Gay Village. In Our Diverse Cities. Volume 1. Ottawa: Metropolis Project, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, 72-75.
Brian Ray 2004. ‘Invisible’ social groups, identity intersections and counting: challenges for policy making in diverse societies. Canadian Diversity / Diversité Canadienne 3(1), 40-42.
Brian Ray 2003 The Policy Challenges of Intervention in Local and Private Integration Processes. Policy Briefs and Recommendations: The Greek Presidency Conference on Managing Migration for the Benefit of Europe. Athens: Athens Migration Policy Initiative, 3 pp.
Brian K. Ray 1998. A Comparative Study of Immigrant Housing, Neighbourhoods and Social Networks in Toronto and Montréal. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, 238 pp.
Audrey Kobayashi and Brian Ray 2005. Placing American Emigration to Canada in Context. Migration Information Source (January edition). Washington: Migration Policy Institute.
B. Ray, D. Papademetriou and M. Jachimowicz 2004. Immigrants and Homeownership in Urban America: An Examination of Nativity, Socio-Economic Status and Place. Washington: Migration Policy Institute, 65 pp.
Brian Ray 2003. The Role of Cities in Immigrant Integration. Migration Information Source (October edition special issue: Immigrants and Integration). Washington: Migration Policy Institute.
Brian Ray 2003. Canada: Policy Legacies, New Directions, and Future Challenges. Migration Information Source (May edition). Washington: Migration Policy Institute.
Brian Ray 2002. Immigrant Integration: Building to Opportunity. Migration Information Source (October edition). Washington: Migration Policy Institute.